Archives of Acoustics, 39, 1, pp. 73-79, 2014
10.2478/aoa-2014-0008

Assessment of Impulse Noise Hazard and the Use of Hearing Protection Devices in Workplaces where Forging Hammers are Used

Rafał MŁYŃSKI
Central Institute for Labour Protection – National Research Institute
Poland

Emil KOZŁOWSKI
Central Institute for Labour Protection – National Research Institute
Poland

Jan ADAMCZYK
1. Central Institute for Labour Protection – National Research Institute 2. AGH University of Science and Technology
Poland

The impulse noise is agent harmful to health not only in the case of shots from firearms and the explosions of explosive materials. This kind of noise is also present in many workplaces in the industry. The paper presents the results of noise parameters measurements in workplaces where four different die forging hammers were used. The measured values of the $C$-weighted peak sound pressure level, the $A$-weighted maximum sound pressure level and $A$-weighted noise exposure level normalized to an 8$\,$h working day (daily noise exposure level) exceeded the exposure limit values. For example, the highest measured value of the $C$-weighted peak sound pressure level was 148.9$\,$dB. In this study possibility of the protection of hearing with the use of earplugs or earmuffs was assessed. The measurement method for the measurements of noise parameters under hearing protection devices using an acoustical test fixture instead of testing with the participation of subjects was used. The results of these measurements allows for assessment which of two tested earplugs and two tested earmuffs sufficiently protect hearing of workers
in workplaces where forging hammers are used.
Keywords: impulse noise, noise attenuation, hearing protection device, die forging hammer.
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DOI: 10.2478/aoa-2014-0008

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